Academic language is a meta-language that helps learners acquire the 50,000 words that they are expected to have internalized by the end of high school and includes everything from illustration and chart literacy to speaking, grammar and genres within fields. No student comes to school adept in academic discourse -- thus, thoughtful instruction is required.
Being an English-language learner in the United States is no honeymoon. Efforts to support ELLs have often been well meaning but misinformed. Indeed, a lot of assumptions about how to serve ELLs need to be checked. In this article, UC Berkeley experts Margaret Bridge and Bruce Fuller offer three examples of these faulty assumptions.