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Video Transcript: The Flipped Class: Is Flipping for Everyone?

Aaron: So is this for you? Will a flipped classroom work in your subject area and grade level? We think the answer is yes, and here's why. So how do you flip a science class? Take your direct instruction, put that on a video. All that time you get back, labs, labs, labs. Get your kids involved in hands on learning. In fact, start going down the road of inquiry. Have your students engage in a question and an investigation before you supplement then with some of that video content.

Jon: In math class, it's like the biggest no brainer in the flip classroom. Kids struggle with math content, so put the problems and how to do that on the video, so that when they're in class, they get the help that they need. But don't just solve problems, make sure you're also bringing in problems and projects that enhance the learning environment for your students.

Aaron: Can you flip a class like English that isn't real content heavy? The answer's yes. Think about the mechanics, the mechanics of language, the mechanics of grammar, the mechanics of writing. Those are the type of instructional things you could put on a video, so that you can get your time back in your class to actually get the students involved in the writing process. You could also use those videos as a remediation tool for students who come to your class without the prerequisite skills.

Jon: What about a practical subject like art or woodworking? Well, make a video on techniques and tools the students would use so that in class, they can apply those same techniques and tools. So that in class, the students are making things.

Aaron: Social studies teachers can leverage video to deliver concept overviews. That way, you can get class time back to get students involved in dialog and reading original documents. That way, they're learning more about why things happen in history that just what happened in history.

Jon: Can you flip a physical education class? Of course you can, so make a video on how to serve a volleyball, so when the kids come to class, they can serve volleyballs, or how to play a particular game so that when they come to class, they can play the game. This frees up class time for teachers who are bogged down with too much explanation and rule giving.

Aaron: What about students who learn at a pace that's different than the pace that the teacher is teaching? They could be a student who learns very, very quickly, or a student who might learn a little more slowly. Well, having a flipped classroom in place gives the students control over the pace at which they're exposed to content. A student can watch a video at double speed and hear the content faster, or a student can also pause... or a student can also pause and rewind if they need to hear content or slower or multiple times.

Jon: The common thread in all of these examples is that lower level skill and concept stuff is done on the video so that the "in class" time is used for higher order thinking, deeper learning and more engagement.

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  • Hosts: Jonathan Bergmann & Aaron Sams
  • Web Video Producer: Christian Amundson
  • Editor: Daniel Jarvis
  • Graphics: Cait Camerata
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  • Production Services: Scrappers Film Group

Editor's Note:This post was co-authored by Aaron Sams, Managing Director of and founding member of the Flipped Learning Network.

When the subject of the flipped class comes up, many educators see how it applies to academic subjects like math and science education, but don't realize that the methodology has applications in a wide array of other classes. According to a survey of 2358 teachers by the Flipped Learning Network and Sophia Learning (PDF, 1.2MB), 33 percent of those teachers who are flipping their classes are math teachers, 38 percent are science teachers, and 23 percent teach English language arts and social studies. But can you flip the other subjects? Can you flip an elementary classroom? The answer is a resounding yes.

To flip the non-flippable classes, teachers need to ask this key question: What is the best use of my face-to-face time with students? Since every teacher has a specified amount of time with his or her students per week, we must consider how to maximize that class time. The answer to this question will be vastly different for an elementary teacher compared to a middle school PE teacher compared to a high school English teacher. Though there is no one way to answer this question, there is a "wrong" answer: information dissemination. Lower-level cognitive information should be moved out of the group space and into the individual space where students can consume data at their own pace and interact with the content in a manner that meets their individual needs. And as teachers answer this question, their class will be transformed into a center of learning where students are applying, analyzing, and creating content, rather than simply acquiring information.

Let's look at a few examples of teachers who use the flipped learning model in what many have considered non-flippable courses.

Physical Education

Jason Hahnstadt is a K-8 PE teacher at the Joseph Sears School in Illinois. When he first heard about the flipped class, he understood how it would dramatically change his practice. He was frustrated with spending too much of his valuable class time telling kids how to move their bodies instead of seeing his students actually moving. So he embraced the flipped class, and his students now spend more time moving their bodies. He has also taken the flipped class into his second job -- as an athletic coach. His teams benefit from additional time to practice because less practice time is devoted to instruction. You can read more at Jason's website, The Flipped Coach.


Leif Blomqvist is a middle school woodworking teacher in Sweden. He embraced the flipped classroom because many of his students had never used a handsaw or a screwdriver before. However, others were familiar with the tools, and those students were not getting adequate help when he was teaching basics to the whole class. Ultimately, he wanted his students to spend more class time creating things out of wood instead of watching him teach them basic skills. In response to this need, he created two different types of flipped class videos -- those that teach a basic skill, and those that teach how to make a specific object out of wood. Even if you don't speak the Swedish language, you can get a pretty good idea of how this works by visiting Leif's YouTube page.

Dance Education

Maura Herrera is a ballet instructor who wanted to spend more of her face-to-face time with students actually dancing. She created a series of short videos which demonstrate different ballet moves and exercises so that her class can spend more of the their time together dancing. You can see an example of one of her videos on YouTube.

Elementary School

Randy Brown is a third grade teacher in the Seattle area who has always wanted an additional teacher in his room to help students who struggled to learn. He told us that when he read our first book, Flip Your Classroom, he realized that we'd granted his wish. Instead of getting another person in his room, he saw how he could replicate himself to become that second teacher. He then set out to make flipped videos for his students. In his case, students don't watch the videos at home, but rather in class. Half of his 26 students watch them on devices in the classroom, while the other half are working independently and with Mr. Brown. After a time, the students rotate. This method is becoming known as the in-flip, where students don't interact with the instructional content at home, but rather in the class. Randy told me that his student test scores have significantly improved, but more importantly, his students are getting more individual time with him where he can differentiate for each learner.

What each of these teachers has in common is that they have answered the question about the best use of their face-to-face class time in their own unique ways. They have customized and contextualized the flipped class to meet the needs of their students.

For those of you who are flipping your classes and don't fit the "flipped class" teacher model, tell us how you are flipping your class. We would love to hear from you in the comments section below.

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Flipped-Learning Toolkit
Thinking about flipping your classroom? Flipped-learning pioneers Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams walk you through the steps you need to take to make blended learning a reality.

Comments (8) Sign in or register to comment Follow Subscribe to comments via RSS

AmandaFoxSTEM's picture

I flipped my social studies classroom last year, and used the in class model (Students had option to preview before class, but we still watched as a whole. Those who had already watched the video and completed the task around it could move on to the project). This also really streamlined reviewing for CRCT. Not everyone has time to reteach material with new material left to cover, but when you spend 5 mins of class time in April rewatching lessons you taught the previous semester, have students revisit the formative assessment, and then based on those results do small group remediation---you still review and get to teach new material and continue with PBL.
I made a flipped PD video on the inclass version using a swivl. Anyone interested in any resources, my class structure, or process can hit me up on twitter! Sharing is caring.

Vicki Davis @coolcatteacher's picture
Vicki Davis @coolcatteacher
Computer Fundamentals, Computer Science and IT Integrator from Camilla, GA

Let me echo what Jon and Aaron are advocating here. I heard about this method and tested in flipping my 9th grade Computer Fundamentals course. Now I inflip every class. It makes all the difference in the world! My students know so much more but it isn't just some students it is each and every one of them.
ONe thing to remember, though it isn't just about using videos. How do they engage with the videos? What activities are they doing besides them? There is a method to this.
Jon and I spent time at ISTE together and one thing that struck me is how many teachers jump in and start using videos but don't understand that there is a pedagogy and method to this method of teaching. I'm still learning but I'm all in! Well done and I hope lots of people read this one. This is a very important teaching method for all of us. It should be part of all of our toolkit. Does it mean we come in and sit at the glowing screen and not interact -- FAR BE FROM IT - I spend so much more time one on one with students! It is a much better relationship and we get so much more done now. Great work to both of you! Love this!

Jeremy Jorgensen's picture
Jeremy Jorgensen
8th Grade Science Teacher

What is the "in class model" of flipping? Does this address the students who can't/won't complete the flipped portion at home?

Michelle's picture
Kindergarten teacher

Has anyone ever heard of a Kindergarten teacher using in-flip successfully?

Greg Green's picture

Our flipped high school as many of your know is completely flipped. One lesson that is crucial and core to the flip is the 80/20 ratio that teachers try to use. When using this lesson plan ratio, 20% the time the teacher takes full classroom control of the conversation through direct instruction, lecture etc. For 80% of the lesson, the students become active in their learning through all kinds of neat activities. Simply, build your flip classroom activities around research based learning activities and also allow simple technologies to integrate initially into your messaging and your review of classroom content and learning strategies. Then you will begin effectively use technology to become more efficient in your process and help students more!

edJobber's picture

I personally feel as though the flipped classroom is the re-branded name for blended learning. It is simply a subset of blended learning with a different focus. The flipped classroom focus on the type of learning and how it is addressed. The examples listed above are excellent and I'm sure the instruction involved a great deal of Bloom's Taxonomy for both the teacher and student.

Lindsey's picture

I think the biggest issue these days is accessibility, unless the school's library is stocked with computers and is open late or something. A few of my friends are new (2-3 years now) teachers at underserved school districts and I think of them when I think of who would really enjoy these flipped classrooms.

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