George Lucas Educational Foundation

Windows and Mirrors: Learning About Difference—and Belonging—Through Books

When there is diversity in classroom materials, students connect to the experiences of others—and have their own reflected and valued.

June 14, 2019

The concept of books as windows and mirrors originated with educator Emily Style in 1988 and was further developed by Rudine Sims Bishop, a writer and professor emeritus at Ohio State University, in her 1990 essay “Mirrors, Windows, and Sliding Glass Doors.”

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Filed Under

  • Culturally Responsive Teaching
  • Education Equity
  • K-2 Primary
  • 3-5 Upper Elementary

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