Developing a Sense of Purpose in School
An essay prompt can help your students explore what drives them, showing them a reason to take on challenges in learning.
When students enter the schoolhouse without a sense of positive purpose, it is difficult for them to connect their varied learning experiences and other opportunities into a coherent whole that shapes their lives. Without a purpose, they may lack a strong reason to learn, to take on challenges, or to behave well. An enduring sense of purpose typically emerges in adulthood, but having a primary goal or a focus on something other than, and larger than, oneself and acting in alignment with these beliefs start to become particularly important in middle school.
Stanford University psychologist William Damon views purpose as a “stable and generalized intention to accomplish something that is at once meaningful to the self and of positive consequence to the world beyond the self.”
Not surprisingly, positive purpose is connected to social and emotional learning (SEL) skills:
- You recognize your feelings and use them as a guide to your actions.
- You find your special task—what it is that allows you to excel.
- You recognize your achievements and those of others, both large and small, as they contribute to a positive purpose.
Getting Started With a Positive Purpose Essay
Writing an essay about positive purpose is an important way to build social awareness, as well as to provide direction and energy for learning. But students usually can’t just start writing such an essay on their own—you need to help them build up to it:
- Look at the positive purpose of well-known individuals. Use nonfiction books, biographies, documentaries, social studies texts, and news reports to get students thinking.
- Have them learn about, reflect on, and write about the positive purpose of someone they know, or know of, by interviewing a local hero, community leader, member of the clergy, first responder, family member, educator, or other staff member in the school.
- Have them write about their own positive purpose.
Use a Prompt to Guide Writing
You can use a grade-level-appropriate writing prompt suited to your students’ ability, and adapt it so a positive purpose is the subject of the essay. Here is a prompt example from a middle school in Jersey City, New Jersey:
The following are excerpts from an essay written by an eighth grader based on the prompt above. (The student’s school is located in a high-poverty area of Jersey City, and the school has been deemed low achieving by the state.)
Here is her introduction and definition of purpose:
In the same essay, she responded to the prompt question, “How would someone know that is your purpose in life?”
Try It With Your Students
The student’s essay opened her teacher’s eyes to the depth of her thinking, aspirations, and abilities. The teacher reported that many of the student’s classmates also produced insightful essays.
Aside from an essay, there are also other way in which your students can communicate their positive purpose. Consider how they might do this through artistic renderings other than writing—with visual art or music, for example.
If you decide to embark with your students on the essay assignment, I recommend that as they write, you provide a space for them to share early drafts of their essays with classmates to get several rounds of feedback, and then practice reading aloud in small groups. And then take a powerful next step: Provide them an opportunity to share in front of the class, or at an assembly, or at a parent or community gathering. Making public their positive purpose is a wonderful way to celebrate the inspirations and aspirations of your students.