George Lucas Educational Foundation
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Why Civic Education Needs a Boost

Suzie Boss

Journalist and PBL advocate
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The next U.S. president won't be selected for more than a year, but election season is already in full swing. With it comes a timely -- if not urgent -- opportunity to help students become more engaged citizens.

We have some catching up to do when it comes to preparing the next generation of voters to take an active role in their democracy. A new report on the status of civic education points to a startling lack of understanding, among adults and youth alike, about the nuts and bolts of government. Fewer than half of Americans can name the three branches of government. Only a third of eighth-graders can explain why the Declaration of Independence was written. Fewer than one in five high school seniors can tell how democracy is strengthened by citizen participation. These are among the statistics cited by Guardian of Democracy: The Civic Mission of Schools, released this month by the Campaign for the Civic Mission of Schools (download a copy).

What's more, Americans living on a media diet of talk radio and Internet rumors risk forgetting how to engage in respectful dialogue or critically evaluate half-truths. As the report points out, "The only way to escape from these vicious cycles is to educate citizens to think critically and demand facts and evidence from the media and their elected officials." It's not enough, apparently, to watch Saturday Night Live parodies of the candidate debates.

Despite a gloomy introduction, the report offers reason for hope. Civic education not only prepares students for their future as citizens, but also offers opportunities for them to develop and apply the critical-thinking skills they'll need for college and careers. The report suggests that learning about civics promotes a positive school culture and may even lead to higher graduation rates. "High-quality civic learning teaches the importance of community (both within the school and more broadly), respectful dialogue about controversial issues, creative problem solving, collaboration, teamwork, and the importance of diversity," according to the authors. Acknowledging that more research is needed, they suggest that civic learning "can be a vital tool to help move America's most at-risk students toward graduation."

Classroom-Ready Resources

Many good resources are available to help you use election season as a springboard for deep and engaging learning. Here are a few examples:

  • Civic Deliberation and Social Action: Part of the National Writing Project's Digital Is site, this collection of resources curated by Anne Herrington and Charlie Moran challenges the political rhetoric of name-calling and half-truths. Instead, students get experience engaging in thoughtful discourse that can lead to positive action. Classroom-ready, technology-rich materials range from elementary units that focus on social justice to high school projects in which students engage in productive disagreements via blogs and podcasts.
  • Youth Voting: Youth voting habits offer a rich topic for relevant projects. Find data on youth voting patterns compiled by the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement. Ask students to consider how voting patterns change based on factors such as college attainment, race, and gender. Challenge them to plan a public awareness campaign to increase voter turnout among 18- to 24-year-olds.
  • CivicLit Lessons: Technology specialist Cheryl Davis has created a collection of technology-rich project plans that relate to civic education. Candidate Watch was created for the 2008 election but can be updated for the current cycle. It uses Google Earth to track candidates and analyze how their stories change over the course of the campaign. Campaign Ads has students analyze historical political ads, assess contemporary ads for "truthiness," and then create their own video spots.
  • Citizens, not Spectators: From the Center for Civic Education, these three-day lessons on voting are tailored for elementary, middle school, and high school audiences. Each ends with a simulated election, giving students the opportunity to apply what they have learned.
  • Sage Advice: Before the 2008 election, Edutopia asked readers to weigh in with ideas for interdisciplinary projects related to the campaigns. Their suggestions range across the K-12 spectrum, and many are ripe for a reprise in 2012.

Retired Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, an advocate for civic education, offers this observation in Guardian of Democracy: "Knowledge about our government is not handed down through the gene pool. Every generation has to learn it, and we have some work to do."

How will you share this important knowledge with your students? How do they respond to projects that ask them to put citizenship to good use? Please contribute your ideas.

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Comments (7) Sign in or register to comment Follow Subscribe to comments via RSS

Andrew Miller's picture
Andrew Miller
Instructional Coach at Shanghai American School

Please do take a look at, which has games, lesson plans, etc on many areas of Civics!

Allan E. Trimble's picture

One of the greatest failures of American education is the lack of teaching and imparting to students the importence of citizenship. We need to teach Thomas Jeffersons ideals of what democracy is and how it works, as well as his comments on the dangers we face as a democracy.These comments are as vital today as they were 230 years ago. Education has become so tied up with vocation, and students earning a living, that we have long lost sight of what a real education is all about. I again poiint to my book, TEACHING KIDS TO FAIL" in this book I offer some solutions that would return education to its true purpose, an educated public able and willing to particiopate in a true democracy. Terach students to think critically, and not depend on the media to make choices. The media is owned and opperated by big business, and supports condidates and ideals to promote big business, and has little interest in the welfare of the general public,

Jill's picture
Mikva Challenge

At Mikva Challenge, a non profit that helps young people develop the skills, knowledge and dispositions to be civic leaders, we couldn't agree with you more. We engage youth in an Action Civics process that begins with their ideas and concerns and engages students in learning civics by doing civics. We offer resources and training for educators. Check us out at!

Regan Ross's picture
Regan Ross
Educator, Entrepreneur, Author, Game-Designer

Great article! We tweeted for our followers (@CivicMirror) and have added it to our relevant articles list within for teachers using the program. Thanks for the adding to the cause!

Maurice J. Elias's picture
Maurice J. Elias
Prof. of Psychology, Director, Rutgers Social-Emotional and Character Development Lab (, Director, the Collaborative Center for Community-Based Research and Service (

Civic education is connected to the areas of service learning and social-emotional and character development (SEL). This is because being a responsible citizen in a democracy is not easy. As Judge Ginsberg notes, it takes work and we have to get moving. The price we pay if we don't is the kind of democratic processes we are seeing now nationwide in the U.S. Students need participatory competencies not only for their adult civic lives but also for their civic lives in schools. Bullying and harassment are perfect examples of incivility and students need not wait until they vote for public elections to gain skills and practice working in civil ways as part of democratic systems, social action and social justice oriented groups, and genuine student government.

Peter Paccone's picture
Peter Paccone
9-12th Grade Social Studies Teacher - San Marino High School


I'm wondering if Edutopia might have an interest in doing something planned around civic learning other than one-off pieces.

A short community campaign, for example?

If so, I'm thinking your article could start the whole thing off, followed by a series of articles written by educators (like myself) describing what we have done to bring civic education to the forefront.

I currently have five (civic learning related) articles thatI have written posted to edutopia. My articles are entitled:

Taking on the Role of an Interest Group to Learn How our Government Works
Preparing Students for the End-of-Term Presentation
Getting Adults to Serve as Panelists for Students' End-of-Term Presentations
Connecting Students with the World at Large
Using Social Media to Encourage Teachers to Teach the Armenian Genocide

You can read them for yourself by searching for peterp with the edutopia search engine.

Brian Rock's picture
Brian Rock
Civic Educator and Social Studies Teacher in East Orange

C-SPAN's Classroom Deliberations is another great set of classroom ready resources. They're constantly updated with current issues.

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