Facebook
Edutopia on Facebook
Twitter
Edutopia on Twitter
Google+
Edutopia on Google+
Pinterest
Edutopia on Pinterest Follow Me on Pinterest
WHAT WORKS IN EDUCATION The George Lucas Educational Foundation

How to Use Online Video in Your Classroom

How teachers can bring the best of YouTube and other online video services to their students.
By Jennifer Hillner
Credit: Hugh D'Andrade

It's one thing to talk about Mount St. Helens erupting in science class. It's another thing altogether to watch a video of the mountain's summit exploding into dust. Teachers all across the country are finding that judiciously chosen videos help students engage more deeply with the subject matter, and recall the information they've learned longer.

"A lot of students these days expect information to be presented in a flashy, entertaining way, so videos can help draw them in," says Larry Sanger, executive director of WatchKnowLearn, a site that collects education-related videos. High school student Patrick Greaney still remembers a photosynthesis video he watched in class at Whittier Regional Vocational Technical High School, in Haverhill, Massachusetts, that featured a catchy tune. "The song stuck in my head and made me remember the process better," he recalls.

Your YouTube Primer

Though YouTube is blocked in many classrooms because of inappropriate materials on the site, there are many valuable videos that do further learning. The site lists an ever-growing collection of excellent educational content, everything from President Obama's weekly addresses to algebraic demonstrations.

In fact, in late 2011, YouTube for Schools was introduced, an opt-in program that allows schools to access thousands of educational videos from vetted YouTube channels like PBS, TED, and Khan Academy in a safe and controlled environment; the teachers and admins choose what videos are available to their students.

Short of joining the YouTube for Schools program, here are a other few ways to separate the wheat from the chaff:

  • Limit your searches to respected sources. Most established newspapers, museums, libraries, radio stations, and institutions have specific channels on YouTube where they collect their content. Just search by the name of the outlet on YouTube (say, the Teaching Channel), and that organization's channel will pop up. From there, you can search exclusively within the Teaching Channel's content.
  • Check out the teachers channel on YouTube. It starts with a ten-step tutorial on how to use YouTube in your classroom, with many more tips available if you join the YouTube Teachers Community and sign up for the e-newsletter. Teachers and students can upload videos here or create playlists from those already available, which range from Khan Academy’s explanation of the Cuban Missile Crisis to a rap about the Krebs cycle.
  • Try the YouTube education channel. It allows users to search within it for videos on a wide range of academic subjects. Most of the content is aimed at university-level students, but may be accessible for younger ones, too.

When choosing clips for the classroom, keep them short. This gives you time to discuss what you've just shown and its significance to the larger lesson. Once you've identified a video, there are several ways to bring it to the classroom.

First, register with YouTube. Set up a video playlist or a collection of favorites, then click them to stream the videos from a laptop. Just remember that YouTube videos are often removed without notice, so the clip you watched at home last night may not be there the next morning. Also, your school or school district might block access to the site.

Many people are tempted to download videos from YouTube to show them in classrooms where YouTube is blocked. According to YouTube's terms of use, you're not supposed to download unless you see a download link, in order to protect video creators’ rights, so you may not want to take this route.

The good news is that YouTube now offers Creative Commons-licensed videos, which are automatically safe to use. You can even modify or edit them into your own videos using the YouTube Video Editor. Enter specific keywords into YouTube’s main search bar as you normally would (“biology lectures,” for instance), then click on the “Filter & Explore” tab to the far left. In the middle of the drop-down list are the words “creative commons.” Click here and all the videos that appear under your search term will be Creative-Commons licensed.

If the content you’re interested in doesn’t come with a Creative Commons tag, it helps to know that the fair use clause in the Copyright Law of the United States allows the use of works without permission for teaching. Still, the user must adhere to some key regulations that can be vague and confusing.

One thing is clear, though: Any material first published after 1978 is copyright protected. You can find the U.S. Copyright Office's educational-use guidelines (PDF) in Circular 21. The University System of Georgia links to a fair use checklist; you can also email the video's maker for permission.

YouTube doesn't typically offer a way to download and save most videos directly. But if you have permission and would like to download from YouTube, there are a variety of ways the resourceful user can download videos:

  • If you use Firefox, you can use the free DownloadHelper extension, which makes most videos downloadable and convertible to several formats.
  • Add the word save to the URL before youtube. The URL saveyoutube.com will load with a SaveYouTube toolbar that lets you download the file.
  • Many Web sites will allow you to download videos, including Zamzar, YouTube Robot, and KeepVid.
  • Convert the video to your playback format of choice (mp4, FLV, HD, AVI, MPEG, 3GP, iPhone, PSP, mp3, GIF) and store it on your laptop or PDA, which lets you access it at any time, even if it's removed from the site.

Other Educational Video Websites

Some choose to skip YouTube entirely and go to teacher-specific online video sites, of which there are many. SchoolTube is a moderated video-sharing website just for schools. TeacherTube and WatchKnowLearn aggregate thousands of videos from educators, YouTube, and the rest of the Web. In essence, they are clearinghouses of educational videos that cover most school subjects, categorized by subject and education level. WatchKnowLearn has a review panel of educators and educational video experts that vet videos from first-time submitters before posting. The Teaching Channel bills itself as "a video showcase of inspiring and effective teaching practices," and publishes great original videos with tips and lesson plans, searchable by subject, grade level, and topic. SnagLearning is the educational branch of SnagFilms, and offers hundreds of high-quality documentary films to be used as educational tools.

Whatever the source, in the end, it's worth the effort. Great content is just a few clicks away.

Jennifer Hillner is a freelance writer in New Hampshire who specializes in technology.
Last updated: 02/22/2012 by Sara Bernard and Amy Erin Borovoy.

Comments (22)Sign in or register to postSubscribe to comments via RSS

  •  
Brian's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

Why do educators think they can completely disregard YouTube's Terms of Service? What kind of example does that provide for your students? YouTube is clear as day in their terms when they say what you can, and can't, do to watch videos on their site. And, you cannot use a third party tool, app, or site to extract the videos. This entire article shoudl NOT have been written with any info provideed to educators on how to violate the TOS.

http://www.youtube.com/t/terms

4C. General Use of the Website--Permissions and Restrictions
You agree not to access User Submissions (defined below) or YouTube Content through any technology or means other than the video playback pages of the Website itself, the YouTube Embeddable Player, or other explicitly authorized means YouTube may designate.

5. Your Use of Content on the Site
E. You agree to not engage in the use, copying, or distribution of any of the Content other than expressly permitted herein, including any use, copying, or distribution of User Submissions of third parties obtained through the Website for any commercial purposes.
F. You agree not to circumvent, disable or otherwise interfere with security-related features of the YouTube Website or features that prevent or restrict use or copying of any Content or enforce limitations on use of the YouTube Website or the Content therein.

You Tube Downloader's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

If You Tube or Google really wanted to prevent the downloading of content they could and certainly would. Google could remove links from search to You Tube downloading tools but they don't. They could go after the developers of You Tube Downloading software, but they don't. They know, as do most educators that their main concern is copyright violations and violators. As we can see in the article, the author points out there are main alternatives and downloading should only be used with videos are inaccessible at school due to filtering or other issues. I would bet that You Tube and Google would agree and proclaim that the You Tube service is a valuable part of the education process. There are 1000's of quality videos that can be, and are used in the classroom, daily.

Sign in and Join the Discussion! Not a member? Register to join the discussion.