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WHAT WORKS IN EDUCATION The George Lucas Educational Foundation

This summer, more than ever, how we read may be just as important as what we read. In April, researchers at West Chester University published a report arguing that eReaders could lead to decreased comprehension and fluency. In this New York Times article, the professors suggest that the interactivity, easy access to a dictionary, and constant use of text-to-speech could actually hinder the development of students' reading skills. However, the examples highlighted in the article focus on the content -- comparing traditional, paper-based books to electronic versions with a high level of interactivity such as games and video -- rather than addressing the skills and strategies implemented in the reading process.

As I wrote in a previous post, students now have the potential to customize their reading experiences with mobile devices. So this summer, instead of reading in whatever manner you would traditionally use, I'd like to suggest three digital reading challenges. You never know -- it could give you a number of strategies to better support your students in the fall.

Challenge #1: Reading in a Browser

Despite my pleas, colleagues routinely printed out the online articles that they wanted to read, and every conversation concluded in the same way: "I just can't read on screen."

Only after much listening did I discover that the true issue wasn't the act of reading, but rather the process of annotating. With printed copies, my colleagues could highlight, add notes, and save the readings for future reference. The issue wasn't digital vs paper -- it was having a means to interact with the content.

For this first challenge, actively read several online articles (such as those found here at Edutopia) using either the Evernote Web Clipper or Diigo.

Evernote Web Clipper Features:

  • Highlight text
  • Add comments and tags
  • Markup web pages
  • Organize and share in notebooks

 

Diigo Features:

  • Highlight and insert notes
  • View all annotations
  • Add comments and tags
  • Organize and share in lists or groups

Introduction to Diigo from EdTechTeacher on Vimeo.

Both tools work on any device. To complete this challenge, make sure to highlight text as you read, inserting notes, saving and tagging your annotations, and bookmarking the links. With either tool, not only can you actively read articles, but you can also search and share your notes. Consider how this may change the ways in which you teach students to conduct online research or consume web content.

Challenge #2: Reading PDFs

Reading online with either Evernote or Diigo assumes an Internet connection and could prove to be a distracting experience with banner ads, pop-up windows, and the usual myriad hyperlinks. These factors deter students and teachers from reading online, and may negatively impact comprehension as indicated by the West Chester University research.

However, when reading articles as PDF files, whether they are downloaded or created using a conversion service such as PrintFriendly, many of these distractions are removed. Additionally, when using a PDF annotation app such as Notability or Explain Everything on iOS or Android devices, or OneNote on Windows, students can read in a cleaner environment, type their thoughts, and also handwrite their notes as marginalia. Brad Overnell-Carter, in Leading Online Learning Online, says, "They [handwritten notes] extend the conversation beyond the author . . . often giving another perspective on how to read the book in hand."

For many readers, the tactile experience of highlighting, circling, drawing, and handwriting plays a critical role in connecting to content. While this has always been possible on paper, tablets now make it a reality on screen. After incorporating these strategies, annotated PDFs can also be saved, searched, and shared -- extending the experience well beyond what is possible with paper.

Challenge #3: Reading eBooks

During my last year in the classroom, we saw a surge in the number of books that our middle school students consumed, all thanks to Kindle. They loved the fact that they could get new books on demand, read in a variety of conditions (no more holding a flashlight while reading at night), and access a dictionary as needed. The previously mentioned New York Times article warned against eReaders. However, I think that as educators, we need to further explore them from the context of teaching critical reading skills and strategies.

For this last challenge, choose any book to read in iBooks, Kindle, or Nook. Though iBooks can only be accessed on iOS devices or Macs, the latter two have apps that work on multiple devices as well as via the web. Highlight passages as you read, and add text notes to support your comprehension. However, unlike with a paper book, search and share your notes plus access your book from anywhere and at any time -- via your computer, your tablet, or even your phone.

Notes taken in the iPad Kindle App and then accessed via Kindle Cloud Reader.
Choosing the Best Reading Environment

Last week, I sat on a flight next to a boy and his father. "Look!" the father said exuberantly to his son. "You’ve read more than 200 pages. That's fantastic!" The boy looked down at his paperback and smiled from ear to ear. He had a sense of accomplishment about turning those pages and progressing through that text. This post is not to say that all reading should be done on screen, nor should it all be on paper. Because, when it comes to supporting students, how they read may be just as critical to their comprehension as what they read.

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Keith Heggart's picture
Keith Heggart
High School Teacher from Sydney, Australia
Facilitator 2014

Okay, take 2: didn't look like my comment posted last time.

Great post, Beth, as usual. Your discussion of needing to write on articles really resonated with me - until I found a workflow that I liked (evernote and skitch), I too tried to avoid reading online. Now that I do use evernote in that what, I'm finding that not only am I reading more, I'm reading it 'better' - it's more organised, structured and easy to find content.

For longer texts, like books, I made the decision this year that I was only going to read eBooks. No more paperbacks or hardcovers. I've been using the iBookstore for the most part, and, to be honest, I'm surprised how easy it has been to make the switch. I think I read a little more quickly on the iPad, but I really value the access, simplicity and being able to have all 6 or 7 books that I'm currently reading in one location.

Beth Holland's picture
Beth Holland
Instructor & Communications Coordinator at EdTechTeacher
Blogger 2014

Hi Keith.
I forgot about using Skitch inside Evernote to mark up text. What a great idea. Thanks for sharing that.
Beth

Dawn Casey-Rowe's picture
Dawn Casey-Rowe
Rhode Island, Social Studies

Love this, and laughed because I rarely use paper anymore--for me. I'm all about the Kindle, the iPad apps, the laptop, seventeen tabs of research and reading open at once. I'm now starting to organize my Evernote and become truly productive with it rather than using the webclipper to dump articles I wanted to read that were distracting my purpose at the moment--the equivalent of a digital messy desk.

I agree that Kindle app has increased my reading because I always have all my books with me. However, the real world sets in and I go back to school where students must use paper, can't use Kindles and smartphones, and the challenge begins. I love this article, but I think it must accompany getting technology where it needs to be in every school. I'm looking forward to a time where that's as consistent as the standards to which we teach. Thanks for the article, Beth.

Beth Holland's picture
Beth Holland
Instructor & Communications Coordinator at EdTechTeacher
Blogger 2014

Hi Dawn.

First off, always great to connect with a fellow RI educator!

It is unfortunate that in the "real world" not all students have access to the tools that could truly transform their learning. One thing that's nice about Diigo, Evernote, and Kindle is that they are accessible from any device. Students could use phones or personal devices outside of school as well as shared devices in school - even desktop computers.

Good luck!
Beth

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