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WHAT WORKS IN EDUCATION The George Lucas Educational Foundation

Sitting on a train going from New Haven to DC, I noticed something. Everyone was swallowed up by his or her device. On this Friday afternoon -- where spring was beginning to enchant the eye -- passengers' noses were buried in their laptops, cellphones, or both.

Circular Train of Thought

The guy sitting next to me had the worst of this affliction. He had a huge computer that was bigger than the tray-table. The computer had a touchscreen, which he would continuously tap. Leaning along side this mammoth machine was an equally as oversize cellphone, which would occasionally fall off the table when the train hit a bump. This poor soul would reach over to the phone when the screen changed color or when it vibrated. Sometimes he would just reach it to see what time it was, which he could have easily figured out by just adding 30 seconds to the last time he checked it. He was caught in a Pavlovian loop of touching the computer screen and reaching for his cell phone without any Crtl-Alt-Del buttons in sight.

This was a Friday evening on the train. It should have been the time to log off from work, from the week, and from the world. However, what I was witnessing with my fellow traveler was not relaxation. And I grew saddened by the fact that he didn't know how to log-off, or know the benefits of being a bit bored.

Too Much Information

When I am writing, I sit at a computer with the Wi-Fi turned off. I'll be the first to admit that staring at a blank page is hard and a bit boring. But this space of logging off is exactly the space needed for me to create. It is the disconnecting that makes room for words to come onto a page or screen.

To create, we need to make space for our creation. Think of it this way -- Emily Dickinson might not have written a word if she kept getting text messages. Thomas Edison might not have created the light bulb if he was sitting on his Facebook page. Steve Jobs might not have made the Mac if he was sucked into Candy Crush. Yet this is the world that we live in. We are highly over-stimulated.

We are hopped up on technology, and it will only get worse unless we individually make some choices to log off occasionally. We have to do it intentionally. There isn't an app for that.

The brain is a wonderful computer, but unlike our devices, it needs to log-off occasionally in order to work better. When I was growing up, television used to sign off late in the evening. Today, television programming is 24/7. And this state of "being on" gives me concern that our children will not learn how to rest their brains. There are benefits to being bored and unoccupied, but our children will never learn them.

 

Making Room for Boredom and Creativity

We have devices, cellphones, social media, and apps to fill the empty space. However, a recent study shows the benefits of boredom. A bit of boredom increases creativity. In one study, researchers had two groups -- one that did a boring task of copying phone numbers onto a page for 15 minutes, and another group that did not. Both groups were then asked to work on a task that allowed them to show their creativity. In each case, the "bored" group performed better. "Boredom . . . has always been seen as something to be eliminated, but perhaps we should be embracing it in order to enhance our creativity," says Dr. Sandi Mann, a professor of psychology at the University of Central Lancashire (U.K.) and one of the researchers of this study.

When you are not consumed by technology, your brain has space to breathe and to create.

So how do we make space for boredom? Have children sit for a few minutes, and let their minds wander. Afterward, have them report out what they thought about. Make it a game. Give them a chance to experience boredom briefly -- their creative brains will thank you in the future.

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Emily Edwards's picture

I have made some of my best drawings because they started out as doodles when I was bored. I think you have a great point that many of us are addicted to technology and we don't have to create our own entertainment anymore. When I was a kid we didn't have cable or netflix. We were told to run and play. Go see the neighbors. Make our own board games. Play dolls. We were expected to be creative. If I went to my mother and said, "I'm SOOOO bored..." She wouldn't feel sorry for me and flip on the tv. She would help me brainstorm things I could do for myself. We made forts and cardboard houses on the porch. Painted in my secret garden in the corner of the yard.

Bottom line. When we don't have all the technology available, boredom can lead to so much creativity! Thank you for reminding me of that. I think I should learn to set some 'log off' time for myself too.

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Keith Heggart's picture
Keith Heggart
High School Teacher from Sydney, Australia
Facilitator

Hi Ainissa,
Couldn't agree more - the act of being creative requires 'space' in our heads - and sometimes we fill that space with lots of other material.

Having said that, I was interested in your comments on this article, which links productivity (which is not the same as creativity, I know) with occasional web-surfing: http://www.spring.org.uk/2014/07/cyberloafing-at-work-makes-you-more-pro...

Joel MacDonald's picture

So boredom=space. We need to open up space in order to let creativity in. Makes sense. Thanks for writing!

(1)
Ainissa Ramirez's picture
Ainissa Ramirez
Science Evangelist
Blogger

I think mini-breaks are a good idea, but there are other option besides surfing the web. Removing distractions is part of the creative process. We should embrace it.

(1)
kristanmac's picture

I enjoyed reading this post. I sometimes struggle with my gifted learners who need more creativity and enrichment. Many students are so busy thinking about technology that they forget to create. I, too, am guilty about spending too much time using tablets and other devices. It's time to put creativity and innovation back in the classroom!

Ainissa Ramirez's picture
Ainissa Ramirez
Science Evangelist
Blogger

You are doing your students a great service by being an example of logging off and using it to make room for creativity. Good luck.

Monica Alatorre's picture
Monica Alatorre
Communications Manager at Envision Education

Thank you so much for this post. Such an important topic. My sister told me a fantastic story this weekend: In an attempt to get her 9 year old son to be more self-directed in his activities, she told him she was going to sit and read her book, and he needed to find something to do.

For 45 minutes, he spun around and around and back and forth in a swivel office chair, while she resolutely sat on her couch reading and hoping he would find something to do. 45 long minutes of self-control on her part. At the end of that time, he excitedly said to her: "Mom! I know what my next Flattop move is going to be!"

Turns out, he'd been strategizing in his head how to move forward in Flattop -- a complex game of strategy that most adults don't have the patience for.

It looked like boredom. It looked like lack of direction. It was neither. It was creativity and cognition and challenge. It was BEAUTIFUL.

(1)
Ainissa Ramirez's picture
Ainissa Ramirez
Science Evangelist
Blogger

That's a really cool story. Thanks for sharing it. This is more evidence for the point this blog makes.

WSturman's picture

This blog was a great reassurance for me about the importance of allowing students to be creative and use their imaginations. Sometimes as educators we feel that we have to "cram" as much material in a day as possible and when students are finished with an assignment that we need to have something else for them to work on right away. I teach Kindergarten and after my students are done with their required work I allow them to have "free time" and choose what they want to do. By giving them a choice to be creative and interact with their peers I feel that is helps them to be better readers, writers and visualizers. As you discussed, kids have so many opportunities to play with their gadgets that they don't get to pretend and be creative anymore. They don't have the opportunity to be bored. I believe that students can learn a great deal from each other and by using their imaginations to play school or house in my classroom. Thank you for your insight and reassurance that it is okay for kids to be "bored".
WSturman

(1)
WSturman's picture

This blog was a great reassurance for me about the importance of allowing students to be creative and use their imaginations. Sometimes as educators we feel that we have to "cram" as much material in a day as possible and when students are finished with an assignment that we need to have something else for them to work on right away. I teach Kindergarten and after my students are done with their required work I allow them to have "free time" and choose what they want to do. By giving them a choice to be creative and interact with their peers I feel that is helps them to be better readers, writers and visualizers. As you discussed, kids have so many opportunities to play with their gadgets that they don't get to pretend and be creative anymore. They don't have the opportunity to be bored. I believe that students can learn a great deal from each other and by using their imaginations to play school or house in my classroom. Thank you for your insight and reassurance that it is okay for kids to be "bored".
WSturman

(1)
Monica Alatorre's picture
Monica Alatorre
Communications Manager at Envision Education

Thank you so much for this post. Such an important topic. My sister told me a fantastic story this weekend: In an attempt to get her 9 year old son to be more self-directed in his activities, she told him she was going to sit and read her book, and he needed to find something to do.

For 45 minutes, he spun around and around and back and forth in a swivel office chair, while she resolutely sat on her couch reading and hoping he would find something to do. 45 long minutes of self-control on her part. At the end of that time, he excitedly said to her: "Mom! I know what my next Flattop move is going to be!"

Turns out, he'd been strategizing in his head how to move forward in Flattop -- a complex game of strategy that most adults don't have the patience for.

It looked like boredom. It looked like lack of direction. It was neither. It was creativity and cognition and challenge. It was BEAUTIFUL.

(1)
Ainissa Ramirez's picture
Ainissa Ramirez
Science Evangelist
Blogger

I think mini-breaks are a good idea, but there are other option besides surfing the web. Removing distractions is part of the creative process. We should embrace it.

(1)
Joel MacDonald's picture

So boredom=space. We need to open up space in order to let creativity in. Makes sense. Thanks for writing!

(1)
Julie Regalado's picture

Thanks for this post, Ainissa! In my expereince boredom can be scarey...somehow we think it is an indication that something is wrong with us.

(1)
Emily Edwards's picture

I have made some of my best drawings because they started out as doodles when I was bored. I think you have a great point that many of us are addicted to technology and we don't have to create our own entertainment anymore. When I was a kid we didn't have cable or netflix. We were told to run and play. Go see the neighbors. Make our own board games. Play dolls. We were expected to be creative. If I went to my mother and said, "I'm SOOOO bored..." She wouldn't feel sorry for me and flip on the tv. She would help me brainstorm things I could do for myself. We made forts and cardboard houses on the porch. Painted in my secret garden in the corner of the yard.

Bottom line. When we don't have all the technology available, boredom can lead to so much creativity! Thank you for reminding me of that. I think I should learn to set some 'log off' time for myself too.

(2)

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