Daily collaborative planning time at Mesquite Elementary enables teachers to plan differentiated instruction to address the progress of each student. Learn more about this school.
Credit: Zachary Fink
Developing systems that support teachers in sustained professional learning and refinement of teaching practice is perhaps the single most important way to promote student learning and educational opportunity in schools or districts. Across the research reviewed here, systems that effectively support teacher development include collaborative, job-embedded feedback cycles that enable teachers to reflect critically on teaching practices in order to identify those that best promote students’ learning and engagement. In addition, administrator support for professional learning and teachers playing an active role in their own learning are critical for these systems to work. You will find much greater detail on the features that make these systems effective, along with research citations to support their efficacy, in the next section.