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WHAT WORKS IN EDUCATION The George Lucas Educational Foundation

Clowning Around: There's a Comedian in Every Classroom

The class clown can ruin the mood to learn, but with a little understanding and a riff of your own, you can stop these jokesters from bouncing off the walls.
By Burr Snider
Credit: Thomas Reis

The class is sailing along like a tight sloop on a fresh sea. You're clicking off those lesson-plan points, rat-tat-tat, and the sublime light of understanding glows from nearly every face in the room. Teaching, you think, is a thing of rare beauty -- until disaster strikes in a distressingly familiar form.

Maybe it's a whispered one-liner that cracks up the back row, or a wad of paper bouncing off an unsuspecting forehead. It could be the firecracker pop of a "dropped" book or a sotto voce put-down that elicits giggles from all quarters. Whatever it is, it's inappropriate, disruptive, and infuriating. And it's probably funny as hell.

You've just been upstaged by the class clown.

How to Humor Class Clowns

Bane of teachers from time immemorial, this irrepressible cutup no doubt sat at the feet of Socrates in the agora -- and no doubt drove the philosopher to hemlock. Immature, gregarious, and prepared "to do or say anything to stay in the spotlight," according to You Can Handle Them All, an online teachers' reference for dealing with "misbehaviors," the class clown lurks wherever pedagogy is plied. And wherever a pint-size comedian riffs for his peers, there is usually a long-suffering teacher attempting to keep him (or her) from disrupting the class.

One of the keys to accomplishing this, many professionals now advise, is to resist the impulse to squelch the clownish behavior. Instead, they say, go with your gut: laugh. Given the most common underlying factors for in-class funny business, a good guffaw is possibly the best first step to reaching an understanding with the clown. Acting out may be the only way this kid can garner peer acceptance. Or, goofing off may cover up social insecurities or academic shortcomings. Frequently, too, a troubled home life gives impetus to the clown's antics.

"The biggest issue is a sense of self," says Dr. Rama Pemmaraju Rao, a former assistant clinical professor of child, adolescent, and adult psychiatric medicine at the University of Alabama Medical School who is now in private and public practice in Asheville, North Carolina. "Kids are always evaluating themselves through others' eyes, looking for positive feedback, and if they don't get it, they compensate. If they have a talent for humor, that's when they appoint themselves the entertainment committee."

By overreacting to the clown, the teacher simply plays into his or her game. Ignoring the problem brings disorder to the classroom. So, what to do? This is a situation where a good sense of humor -- essential for a career in education -- comes in handy.

"The first response to a funny remark by a class clown is to be honest and laugh," says Howard Seeman, professor emeritus at the City University of New York's Lehman College and author of Preventing Classroom Discipline Problems. "If you don't, you look like a phony in front of your kids, and that makes you vulnerable to the clown's desire to remove your mask."

Of course, it's pretty hard to laugh when you've got a long chapter to cover before the bell rings and your clown is on a roll. Making things worse is the fact that the student in question often bounces off the walls as part of the act, the sign of a learning disorder or attention issue associated with hyperactivity. Still, as Rao cautions, even the presence of a clinical condition shouldn't cause a teacher to discount the fact that the child may be genuinely gifted.

"What makes it hard for the teacher is the clown's lack of impulse control, which causes disruptions," says Rao. "Sure, if the kid is jumping up on his desk to do his Jay Leno routine, that's inappropriate. You have to try to filter through that behavior and tap into the talent -- maybe channel it into a drama show or some other after-school activity."

Behind the Behavior

But, as every teacher knows, there are times when even such an enlightened approach isn't enough to make the clown manageable. When the inappropriate behavior persists, savvy educators have learned to look at a student's domestic situation for clues, and respond with care.

"With a class clown, you almost always find something deeper going on, and our job is to figure out what's pushing them that way," says Margie Schwartz, counselor at Marin Country Day School, a K-8 private school in Corte Madera, California.

"Often, it's anxiety and stress coming from the home," Schwartz adds. "In alcoholic families, for instance, kids take on different roles -- be it the scapegoat, caretaker, or clown -- and if they are being validated in that role, then they bring it to school, where they suck up all the energy in the class and deprive others of quality learning time."

It's at this point, says Rao, that a teacher must take on the role of gatekeeper, guiding the student to counseling or therapy. "The wiring of these kids is very sensitive, and when there's dysfunction in the family, they internalize it and often blame themselves," he adds. "So they try to compensate in the healthiest way they know, through creative humor. Since it's often beyond the teacher's wherewithal to encourage them while maintaining the class, therapy becomes the best route."

Because class clowns are so often grouped in the bright-but challenging category, the question of what life holds for them is especially intriguing. Will they be able to trade on their exhibitionistic talents to succeed as adults, or does their innate disruptiveness condemn them to a troubled existence?

Seeman, who runs a Web site called Classroom Management Online, is sanguine about the prospects of schoolroom jokesters. "Often, the clown's talent is a transferable skill to legitimate walks of life such as sales or entertainment," he says. "If the teacher is able to channel this ability, and curb it when the timing is inappropriate, it can be useful."

This insight probably comes as no news to such self-admitted ex-class clowns as comedians turned actors Jim Carrey, Janeane Garofalo, and George Carlin (who even recorded an album called Class Clown). In a recent radio interview, Henry "the Fonz" Winkler, who played a charismatic hoodlum with a heart of gold in the long-running television series Happy Days, confessed to having been an outrageous class clown, mostly as a way of coping with dyslexia. "My grades were so bad, I threw myself a party when I got a C-minus," he joked. "Clowning around was the only thing that made school tolerable."

So, the question arises, Once a class clown, always a class clown? Dianne Maxon, a longtime elementary school teacher and principal who now works as an educational consultant, has reason to think so. While teaching in a credentialing program recently, she had an encounter with an adult class clown that left her shaking her head in wonderment.

"This guy was amazing," says Maxon. "He had all the classic class-clown symptoms. He was in his late thirties, but all his comments and interjections were so inappropriate and immature, you would've thought he was a seven-year-old.

"Even at the graduation ceremony, where each student had to make a short speech, he chose at one point to turn around and wiggle his butt at the audience!" she recalls. "He thought it was hysterical, but I doubt anyone else did."

Burr Snider is a freelance writer who formerly wrote for the San Francisco Examiner. He has also written for Cosmopolitan, Crawdaddy, Esquire, Playboy, Rolling Stone, San Francisco, and Wired.

Comments (8)Sign in or register to postSubscribe to comments via RSS

raymond's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

got a big huge laugh out of me!!!! So I'd certainly come back and read it.

susan mcconnell's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

I have a class clown or 2 who trigger others to get out of controle. It is keeping the ones who could be on task from learning and the class as a whole is starting to loose ground academically.The clown is very self centered and a little nasty. The other boys try to follow suit for a shot at being a part of the fun.His main aim is to be looked at like a studd. One kid has even been very disrespectfull infront of the class to show he could be cool. I dont know what to do.

smartalec's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

i was voted class clown two years in a row so far and im trying to make it three. if a teacher is clearly annoyed by my jokes and i get a reaction with no consiquence i keep going especially if its a boring class. it the teacher is laughing as well its funnier and i chill out if the teacher is actually teaching. more jokes come when classes or boring and the teachers gives a reaction dont react, and dont make it boring jokes want come. well at least not from me. and oh yeah girls are class clowns as well, i.e me

Stacey Ward's picture

Although getting to the "root" of the student's mind frame is always key, I like to bring in cartoons for the class to "analyze". When fifth graders are told they will learn how to "analyze" humor, they become very "self important". We look at a cartoon and discuss what exactly makes it funny. Whenever the class clown throws out a joke, I insist that we "analyze" it. Why is this funny? We take it apart and generate a formal assessment. Pretty soon, those random remarks aren't as fun when they realize I'm going to insist that we analyze it as a class. (You might even require a written assessment)

CJ Gray's picture

Susan, hang in there. I understood your message despite your typos. Hopefully there is a teacher mentor/coach at your school that you can turn to for strategies on how to handle the disruptions. It sounds like you have a clown that can be a little bit mean-spirited and it may be more of a behavioral issue than just 'clowning'. Parents can't possibly know what an immense responsibility and daunting the task of educating their children can be and can be quite caustic in their criticisms.

Rob's picture

Homeschoolers pbft! Trust a homeschooler to reduce someone's worth to their spelling ability. There are many brilliant people in this world that can't spell well. But you're just rude.

John Smith's picture

*control. *in sarcastic tone in case you dont pick up* but look at the article. it says there must be something wrong at home. *in a normal tone* honestly i dont get why adults always think there is some "hidden story" , most of us just like to joke around. its not a complicated puzzle of "are you being abused". also its spelled disrespectful. way to go sophisticated adults. this is to susan by the way.

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