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WHAT WORKS IN EDUCATION The George Lucas Educational Foundation
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Striking a Balance: Digital Tools and Distraction in School

Mary Beth Hertz

K-8 Technology Teacher in Philadelphia, PA

This school year I joined the staff of a 1:1 high school here in Philadelphia. Students at the school have access to their own devices, which they take home with them. Although I've taught for many years in classrooms where each student had a school-issued device, the experience of my new students taking their devices home has forced me to reflect on the issue of distraction. How do we teach students to integrate technology into their schoolwork and their learning while also making sure that they're staying focused on the task at hand?

Focus and Multitasking

Interestingly enough, an article crossed my path on Twitter about this very topic. In Age of Distraction: Why It's Crucial for Students to Learn to Focus, Katrina Schwartz refers to studies showing that the ability to focus on a task has been linked to future success. She quotes psychologist and author Daniel Goleman as saying, "This ability [to focus] is more important than IQ or the socio economic status of the family you grew up in for determining career success, financial success and health."

In a similar article, With Tech Tools, How Should Teachers Tackle Multitasking in Class?, author Holly Korbey explores research around student study habits and talks to veteran teachers about their experiences with students using technology in the classroom. Many describe the challenges of keeping kids focused in a high-tech environment. Others claim the issue is that students aren't being given challenging enough work, so they naturally move to social media because they are bored. One teacher has a "no-tech" policy in her classroom so she can be assured that students are engaged and focused. The article also shares stories from teens themselves who discovered that they focused better once their phone was out of the picture.

So what are the implications?

Teach Self-Management

I completely agree that focus and attention are huge issues with students today. I hear from my students all the time about how long it takes them to complete their homework, and usually it's because they aren't focusing on what needs to get done. I also believe that efficient multitasking is partially a myth. Every time you switch from one task to another, you break the flow you had in one task so that you can pay attention to the new task. I am not, however, in the camp of removing devices from students' hands. I find this unrealistic and counterintuitive, considering that most students have access to these tools outside of school.

Instead, we should be deliberately teaching students how to manage their attention with their devices. You can have your phone out and listen to music while doing independent work. If the work is getting done in a timely fashion, who cares? If your phone is out in front of you, upside down and not distracting you, why should you need to put it away? That said, if you can't seem to stop texting or looking at your phone, you're better off putting it in your bag until class is over. When my students leave high school, they will need to know norms and etiquette for their devices. They will also need to know themselves -- specifically, their own limits when it comes to distraction. Eventually, they should know when to put their phone away because it's distracting them, or when listening to music while they work is slowing them down.

At the same time, there are moments in class when I ask that all students lower their screens and bring their attention to each other. During a class discussion, or during direct instruction when I am modeling something or asking them to look at something not on their device, they shouldn't be looking at their phones or computer screens. Again, it is important to build these habits in the classroom.

The reality is that devices are not going away, and we need to teach our students how to effectively manage them so that they can be successful in whatever they do. Computers and the Internet are very distracting, even for me. However, I have learned how to ignore alerts on my phone or avoid checking my email or social media when I know that my full attention is needed where I actually am. This was something I had to teach myself as an adult. The least I can do is help my students build those skills now, before they build bad habits.

What are your thoughts on focus, distraction and devices in schools?

Comments (17)Sign in or register to postSubscribe to comments via RSS

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LDow-Moore's picture
LDow-Moore
World Language High School Teacher

All students in my high school have laptops due to the one -to-one initiative. I agree, classroom laptops can be a huge distraction for many students. It is an on-going struggle to keep certain students on task and focused. My school gave out the laptops first, without a "code of expected contact".

Mary Beth Hertz's picture
Mary Beth Hertz
K-8 Technology Teacher in Philadelphia, PA
Blogger 2014

LDow-Moore, you bring up a great point. Schools often make the mistake of distributing devices without first reviewing and explaining expectations. In some cases, the school may not have even considered the kinds of expectations they want to have before they put devices in the hands of kids. It is definitely a wasted opportunity and makes implementation that much harder.

SouthShoreEric's picture
SouthShoreEric
Improving student engagement with Blended Learning & Digital Storytelling

One of the problems causing distraction is poor user interface design. We should not just use cool, fun, and useful technology, but those that teach in context and according to a defined process.

For example, if I read a book, I do not encounter distractions. But if my book has ads all around it, I may lose focus.

If I go to a page where my teacher posted links to video or other web content and they launch me there, I am accessing the content I need but I am more apt to lose my way back or go off to somewhere else.

The 30hands eClassroom is designed to bring the content to the student into a consistent environment to help him/her maintain focus.

It's free for teachers! Get started and create a course here: http://K12.30hands.com and send us feedback so we can keep improving it to best meet the needs of teachers and students. Thanks!

Ann Michaelsen's picture
Ann Michaelsen
Teacher and administrator

I agree with you Mary Beth. This is something we need to teach in schools. I have been in a 1:1 school for 7 years now and could not work anywhere else. In addition we have block scheduling and that is a great combination. It gives us time to focus on complex tasks each day. My students make their own questions and answer them alone or in groups. What they don't get done while in school, they have to do at home. When my students wrote the book connected learners, this was a topic we discussed a lot and wrote about. And like you I'm no great believer of multitasking! It can't be done when you are working with new and complicated material. I'm constantly working on leaving my devices alone in meetings and when talking with others. Students need to practice too!

Mary Beth Hertz's picture
Mary Beth Hertz
K-8 Technology Teacher in Philadelphia, PA
Blogger 2014

Ann, I would love to be able to travel back in time and observe the differences between how kids at your school multitasked/handled distraction in their freshman year vs their senior year. I also would love to be a fly on the wall over the last 7 years at your school watching how behaviors and norms changed throughout the years. I'm sure the staff and students have grown together as they navigate the 1:1 environment!

SouthShoreEric's picture
SouthShoreEric
Improving student engagement with Blended Learning & Digital Storytelling

It's easy to travel back in time... just start implementing your ideas for PBL, flipping the classroom, using tech, etc. Before you know it, you will be able to look back at your own successes. Every year, you will see how much richer it becomes. It doesn't happen overnight, because both students and teachers need to learn how to get it to hit a stride.

Elijah Trevor's picture

The tools needed for success in life are not just limited to reading, writing and arithmetic but go beyond to include areas such as problem solving, collaboration and communication, skills that are sought by employers.

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