Forward Thinking: 2007 DesignShare Awards Honor the Best in School Design

Three exemplary schools reveal the shape of things to come.

Three exemplary schools reveal the shape of things to come.
Design: Forward Thinking Japan

Kid Stuff:

Such elements as the big net in the commons area at the Yuyu-no-mori Nursery School and Day Nursery encourage large-muscle activity and kinesthetic stimulation.

Credit: Courtesy of DesignShare

As technology moves from the periphery of the classroom to the center, one of the vital challenges facing architects who design schools is to create learning environments that recognize the key role of tech without losing touch with the human needs of students. The complexity of this challenge increases with grade levels, but the need for enabling surroundings begins from the first day a child enters preschool or kindergarten.

In the end, however profoundly the digital information age has changed the extent to which students can project themselves out into a vast new universe of learning, they are real people, not avatars, studying in real buildings with real physical and psychological needs.

Since 2000, DesignShare, an architecturally based facilitator of ideas and resources on innovation in schools, has asked a panel of experts for the best in school design. After an extensive search, the organization awards prizes for school construction and renovation that represent the best thinking in a field as crucial to the future as any in all of architecture.

The common theme of the three schools presented here -- each a DesignShare honor or merit winner for 2007 -- according to Tiffany Green, the organization's communications director, is that they meet the needs of students now and into the future, taking into account the environmental psychology of learning for a generation of learners who are wildly visual and technologically savvy on one extreme and on the other may be bored and underachieving.

On this and the following pages, Edutopia presents three of the schools DesignShare recognized for design excellence: The innovative Yuyu-no-mori nursery school, in Yokohama City, Japan, with its playful, child-centered emphasis; the Denver School of Science and Technology, with its exceptional information-age aura of the expansiveness of digital power; and Polaris, a K-12 school in Anchorage, Alaska, that combines architectural openness with reassuring intimacy. These schools are prime examples of the best in twenty-first-century design. Each, in its own way, stands for the ideal of architecture that focuses on the DesignShare virtues of "transparency, personal development, lifelong learning, and the influence of the built environment as a motivator."

Design: Forward Thinking Japan
Credit: Courtesy of DesignShare
Design: Forward Thinking Japan

Free Space:

An emphasis on unstructured play is an innovation in Japan. Open and cheerful design keeps the mood and methods light.

Credit: Courtesy of DesignShare

Yuyu-no-mori Nursery School and Day Nursery
Yokohama, Japan
Design Team: Environmental Design Institute
Ages: 2-5 years old, 260 students
Completed: 2005

DesignShare calls this school and day care center "a superb example of a facility designed to support active, play-based learning, one that gets young bodies moving." Such elements as the big net in the commons area encourage large-muscle activity and kinesthetic stimulation, part of what the school calls a "circular play system" that contains diverse activities.

Yuyu-no-mori, one of thirty-six combined nursery school and day care schools in Japan, provides an environment for the prevailing child-centered philosophy and an atmosphere that stimulates children's emotions as well as fostering close engagement between children and teachers. The importance of play, and the emphasis on a relatively unstructured approach to activities that the net symbolizes, is an important innovation in Japan, where later education tends to be test driven and consequently stressful. In that sense, Yuyu-no-mori literally provides a safety net for the future.

Design: Forward Thinking Alaska

Daily Variety:

DesignShare praises the Polaris School, built by renovating and adding to a former movie theater, for its "rich variety of spaces" and its capacity for renewal and change.

Credit: Courtesy of DesignShare

Polaris School
Anchorage, Alaska
Design Team: McCool Carlson Green Architects
Grades: K-12, 500 students
Completed: 2005

Facing a tight budget, the administrators of this alternative learning facility took an imaginative leap and acquired a two-screen movie theater in a former wetlands area near a freeway and an industrial zone. Following an initial renovation of the existing building's unusual interior shapes, the school embarked on an addition that included a gymnasium, a library, new classrooms, and an impressive double-height lobby.

Recognizing Alaska's cultural traditions, the architects included what the school calls a ceremonial hearth, giving the learning community a central gathering place for celebrations and meetings. In addition, with the state's special conditions in mind, most classrooms were placed to make the best use of solar exposure, even on the very short days of the far northern winter. The school is built around the concepts of self-direction and student-to-student learning, and the architects took advantage of the original design, a purpose-built structure intended for an entirely different purpose, to give Polaris a feeling of uniqueness, surprise, and flexibility.

Design: Forward Thinking Alaska
Credit: Courtesy of DesignShare

Because the school includes a wide range of ages and thirteen grade levels, primary and intermediate classrooms are organized in threes, creating shared alcoves for small groups to meet and what DesignShare calls "a place for each small learning group to express itself." Student ownership of their space began with sweat equity during the renovation process, and continues with high-energy student murals both inside and outside the building. A system of replaceable interior wall panels lets the art change and evolve from one part of the building to another. The DesignShare judges lauded the "rich variety of spaces -- soft and hard, open and niche-like, colorful and neutral, bright and quietly calm."

Design: Forward Thinking Colorado
Credit: Courtesy of DesignShare
Design: Forward Thinking Colorado

Archi-Tech:

Devoted to inspiring students underrepresented in science and technology studies, a Denver charter school's design emphasizes crisp, exterior lines.

Credit: Courtesy of DesignShare

Denver School of Science and Technology
Denver, Colorado
Design Team: Klipp Architecture
Grades: 9-12, 400 students
Completed: 2005

This charter school, founded with a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, was built as part of a walking community on the site of the old Stapleton Air field and is dedicated to increasing the number of underrepresented students who succeed in the sciences and mathematics. Its enrollment -- 40 percent low-income students, 45 percent female -- reflects that philosophy. And its architecture -- a blend of modern industrial design, materials, and ubiquitous wireless technology with moveable partitions, mobile furniture, and a softer, more tactile approach -- reflects both digital and hands-on learning. Though teachers and students are given the full power of technology, the judges point out that the senses are touched by the contrast between hard and soft elements.

Owen Edwards is a contributing editor for Edutopia and Smithsonian magazines.

This article originally published on 3/20/2008

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Comments (5)

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Lucila Sotomayor (not verified)

The best school facility designs

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I personally think that creating the right environment is a key factor in the learning experience. I am now in Japan for the next three months and would like to visit Yuyu-no-mori Nursery school, who can I get in touch with to be allowed to visit.

Folwell Dunbar (not verified)

A design flaw

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Here in Post-K New Orleans, we have schools sharing building built just after the Civil War and campuses jumbled together with FEMA trailers. I’m actually on the board of a small school that’s camping out in the backyard of a hospital (We’re being evicted next year!). While I’m certainly excited by these innovative designs, I’m also a bit miffed – how can there be such a disparity in the quality of school buildings found around the country? Hopefully, in time, some of these designs will find there way down river…

Brian Lockwood (not verified)

Backyard school design

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I'm shocked to find out one of the good school designs Yuyu-no-mori Nursery School and Day Nursery is in my back yard. I will be out and about this week looking for it. Our own school as it's own design issues and it's good to know there some excellent design company options in Yokohama.

Tiffany Green (not verified)

Thanks Owen

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Hello Owen, thanks for a great article. It is perfect timing as we are getting submissions for the 2008 Awards. We broadened the awards this year so you can submit a classroom, a outdoor space, etc. It's all about the learner and how the space can help them improve their learning.

Best to you and Edutopia,

Tiffany Green
Director of Communications
Designshare.com

Dale (not verified)

This is incredible! Winning school designs.

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This is what ALL of our schools should be doing. It is amazing what existing structures can look like if innovation, ideas, and forward thinking are put into practice. I'll be showing this to some in my community to get similar projects going.

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