Reading Film: The Story of Movies | Edutopia
Edutopia on Facebook
Edutopia on Twitter
Edutopia on Google+
Edutopia on Pinterest Follow Me on Pinterest
WHAT WORKS IN EDUCATION The George Lucas Educational Foundation

Reading Film: The Story of Movies

Martin Scorsese champions a visual-literacy curriculum, available free to teachers for use in middle school classrooms. Read the article.

Colleen: So, right now your job is to figure out where the light's coming from, how strong it is, the intensity, and perhaps how it makes you feel. Caroline?

Caroline: There was more than one light source, because you can see that half of the guy's face is lit up and that other half of his hat.

Narrator: These Santa Barbara sixth-graders are analyzing scenes from classic films like "To Kill a Mockingbird."

Student: It kind of seems like there might be moon -- a moon.

Narrator: They're in the middle of a four-week project called "The Story of Movies," a free curriculum that helps students develop critical-thinking skills and fosters an appreciation for the complexities of moviemaking.

Cathy: What we want teachers and children to do is look at film through three different lenses. The first lens would be film as a language, as a powerful communication tool. The second lens would be to look at film as a historical, cultural document, and then the final lens is to look at film as a work of art.

Narrator: Filmmaker Martin Scorsese started the program when he realized that kids needed tools to interpret the visual imagery they're immersed in every day.

Martin: So much of today's society is done visually and even subliminally for young people that it could be dangerous, and one has to know it's a very, very powerful tool. We don't mean to be having young people take two hours of their time to just sit and enjoy a movie. No, this is a learning experience. What you're doing is training the eye and the heart of the student to look at a film in a different way by asking questions and pointing to different ideas, different concepts.

Colleen: Can we have some people tell us why a cinematographer changes the lighting in a film?

Student: If it's lighter, it's more happy sometimes, and if it's darker it's mysterious and...

Colleen: So many of my children have told me that the way they get their information is from the television or from the movie screen, and when I ask them, "Well, how true do you think it is? How valid are those pieces of film clip?" they seem to think that it's all true because they saw it on film. So, I feel that this program and others like it that show how films are made, how it is artificial, will help them not just to believe things just because they're on the screen.

Narrator: The "Story of Movies" curriculum package, including lesson plans and DVDs, is available free of charge to teachers around the country. In a cross-curricular approach, students first learn the history of film, then move to lessons about the tools filmmakers use, from science experiments dealing with the properties of light...

Colleen: Watch what happens to the light, how it changes.

Narrator:... to observations of how various musical scores convey different emotions.

Cathy: Students have to tap their knowledge of music, their knowledge of art, their knowledge of literature, their knowledge of history in order to understand what's going on in the film. We can't just show it to them and say, "Now tell me what it means."

Martin: They need to know how ideas and emotions are expressed through a visual form, panning left and right, tracking in or out, booming up and down, intercutting a certain way, the use of a close-up as opposed to medium shot. What is a medium shot? What is a long shot? And how do you use all these elements to make an emotional and psychological point to an audience?

Student: I've never really thought to make my own movie before, and now I think it would be really fun, especially because now I've learned so much about the lighting and how much work it takes behind the scenes to make a movie and how lighting and music really affects the setting and the mood of it. I think it's a lot of work.

Narrator: For more information on what works in education, go to

Get Video
Embed Code Embed Help

You are welcome to embed this video, download it for personal use, or use it in a presentation for a conference, class, workshop, or free online course, so long as a prominent credit or link back to Edutopia is included. If you'd like more detailed information about Edutopia's allowed usages, please see the Licenses section of our Terms of Use.


Comments (57)Sign in or register to postSubscribe to comments via RSS

Deenna's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

This is great and I would love to know how to get ahold of this for our middle school students and teachers at Norwood in Norwood, Mo.

Angel L. Olivieri's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

I would like to know how to receive the Story of Movies Kit for my school.

Charlene Lacovaro's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

Kudos to Martin Scorsese! I'm very impressed with the thinking behind this resource and the energy spent on supporting teachers' endeavor to help students become active participants in the world of "entertainment". I will definitely refer teachers to this site.

Laura Williams's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

I also would like to know how I can receive this information. I would like to implement this in my classroom. I teach 2nd grade and wonder if this would be appropriate. Everyone likes to watch movies and this would be a fun way to teach a lesson. :-)

Susan Holler's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

I think the students relate well to movies....Most movies tell a story and some are based on true events. Using movies can help students relate or help them remember important details that occur.... A movie is usually based on a book... Students can read the book or if some are not strong in reading... a movie is another way to share information... I would like more information on how to incorporate this idea in the classroom.

Toni Manning's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

I really enjoyed this video about fostering critical thinking skills in the classroom through the use of movie viewing. I agree with Martin Scorsese in the opinion that ideas are expressed in visual form. Not only does movie watching "train the eye", but it really does "train the heart" of the student as well - Mr. Scorsese hit the nail on the head with this! What a wonderful method to engage students in analytical thinking.

Discussion Baltimore's Teachable Moment and Its Impact on My Students

Last comment 5 days 10 hours ago in Student Engagement

Discussion Being Ourselves in the Digital Age!

Last comment 2 days 15 hours ago in Media Literacy

blog Empowering Student Relationships With Media

Last comment 5 days 17 hours ago in Media Literacy

blog Teaching With Web-Based Resources

Last comment 3 days 7 hours ago in Media Literacy

blog Five-Minute Film Festival: 8 Podcasts for Learning

Last comment 1 week 12 hours ago in Five-Minute Film Festival

Sign in to comment. Not a member? Register.