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WHAT WORKS IN EDUCATION The George Lucas Educational Foundation

Differentiated Instruction

Differentiated Instruction

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I have been teaching for about 9 years, and every year I try to do a little bit more differentiation. This year I am ramping up my DI but it's certainly a lot of work, trying to analyze students' individual learning styles, multiple intelligences, etc. and then create different tiers of instruction and assignments. I am curious to hear from the group at Edutopia if anyone has suggestions and advice for creating a completely differentiated classroom, along with the management and preparation that goes with it.

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Ms. Cárdenas's picture
Ms. Cárdenas
First grade Bilingual Teacher

I really appreciate the information you shared. I was wondering if you might tell me is the book simple enough to integrate into the lower elementary grades? Any examples of what kind of things it talks about.It sounds like a book I may be interested in, I just want some more information on it.any help is greatly appreaciated !Thank you, = )

LaShenda Wood's picture

Many resources give ideas to what students need. I personally think students need a well rounded teacher who reflects on her practices and adjusts based on professional development and growth. Students need varied level of teaching to fit the individual student's need. Taking a look at the different levels of Bloom's Taxonomy and Multiple Intelligences helps the educator plan lessons that are more student centered and engaging. Technology integrated into the lesson provides stimulation to the studens who work well with online projects, manipulatives, and student response systems. Students need lessons where they are given choices and allowed to make decisions in their learning. Student interest inventories when used can help the teacher plan activities in differentiated instruction that will motivate each learner. The student also needs more student centered lessons that cause them to create, analyze, and produce the knowledge required in the standards. Students need activities based on student readiness and connected to their personal experiences. The student can take ownership and be successful in a caring and well managed learning environment that fosters flexible grouping, peer colloboration, and pure student-teacher relationships.

Bruce's picture
Bruce
elementary tech teacher

In a bit of [tongue and cheek statement] -- Differentiated Instruction is much like a one room school house of old. The only difference is that we now take great care to put 4 gifted students with 4 special needs children and fill it up with the run of the mill kids. Now we have to create lesson plans for all, while letting the G&T students do peer tutoring on the run of the mills kids. How fair is THAT?

And mean time, we think this is progress ???

As I have said before: Differentiated Instruction is simply a reaction to the failure of heterogeneous grouping. Let's ability group the students to "accomodate" the G & T and the Special Needs. We will serve our students better.

Lacy Dugas's picture
Lacy Dugas
Third Grade teacher at an International School in South Korea

Thanks for all of this useful information. It is nice to know I am not the only one struggling with this issue! I really like the idea of using Bloom's Taxonomy as a guide to differentiation. It seems like such an obvious tool, but I had not thought of it before. I love color coding, and I think that color coding questions for the different levels would help me stay organized.

I also want to reiterate the use of choice within the classroom. I believe that choices allow students to take responsibility for their learning. I think that choices also help the students become more aware of their strengths and weaknesses. One thing I do in my classroom is centers. I just started doing centers in third grade this year. I had originally thought that centers were meant for younger grades, but they have turned out to be a huge help when it comes to differentiating. Centers time has given me time to work one on one or in small groups with students who need work on a specific skill. I have also used centers to reteach skills after we have moved on as a full class. My center time offers choices also, for example students on the computer center get to pick what activities they want to do to. challenge themselves. It is very important to monitor student choices closely to make sure they are making appropriate level decisions.

Bruce's picture
Bruce
elementary tech teacher

Differentiated instruction is simply a reaction to the failure of heterogenious grouping.
Who came up with the idea of putting the G&T students with the Special Education students and thinking it could actually work? Lets get real and do some ability grouping and teach the kids.

Melissa Hanson's picture
Melissa Hanson
English high school teacher

Differentiated instruction can be useful if it is done with much thought and planning. G &T students and Special Education students can actually learn quite a bit from each other. Knowing how to group students, however, is the key. If you can find students with similar interests and existing friendships, these groups can be powerful. Also, just because the students have different learning abilities doesn't make them less valuable to the group. For example, a dyslexic student might excel in leadership qualities whereas a G & T student might be an introvert. Both can help each other by working together. Again the teacher must know the students and group them for success.

Bruce's picture
Bruce
elementary tech teacher

The group is everything - the individual means nothing. ??

We often find the G & T student being held to a role of "peer tutor" when instruction should be directed by the teacher not the student.

When you have a student with the functioning level of 1st grade "mainstreamed" into a 5th grade classroom because of age, not only does the mainstreamed student suffer but the entire class is held back. All in the name of "fairness", "differentiation".

After 26 years teaching.... this new idea does not make sense. Oh, it sounds good, it fits the doctorial thesis, but for being educationally sound - nope. It doesn't work.

It's the recreation of the one room school house. Why would anyone do that ?

Christina's picture
Christina
Elementary School Teacher, currently a Stay-At-Home-Mom working on her MSED

Hi Paula, I feel the EXACT same way! Why am I planning, at a minimum, 3 variations of lessons? If Elementary schools had the flexibility that the upper grades had, I think it would be easier to meet the needs of all of our learners. The students could easily have a homeroom, switch classes and go to a different subject based class that is based on their ability level. Perhaps the school could offer interest based classes as well that will speak to the various learning intelligences of our students? I wonder if there has been any studies or research completed on ability-based learning communities? I would be very interested to know if schools have done this before and how they fared.

Bruce's picture
Bruce
elementary tech teacher

Christina,
Elementary students grouped according to ability! You are way too forward thinking for this era. 20 years ago we had high Math and high Reading classes in the 4th and 5th grade. Gone by the wayside now - heterogenious grouping with the Special Education students mainstreamed in as well.
Good Luck with your forward thinking !

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