A few years ago, I was involved with a tutoring program in our middle school to provide extra help to kids to boost their state test scores. There were a lot of ELL students in the group, and it struck me that the problems they faced were, in general, they had enough conversational english to get by and get out of full ELL support classes, but not enough skills to be learning and understanding everything in their classes without additional support.
That brought me to start thinking about how we handle students who are or have been ELL students, but may not be at grade level proficiency in English, even if they could handle grade level education in their native language? How can we go about differentiating instruction for English Language learners, while not underselling the concepts and core knowledge that they might be able to handle just fine if taught in their home language? How do we scaffold support to help these students find success?