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WHAT WORKS IN EDUCATION The George Lucas Educational Foundation

Using Today's Technology Tools to Study Yesterday's

A fifth-grade field trip from Ferryway School, near Boston, to the nation's oldest ironworks is captured with the latest tech. Read the article.
Transcript

Teacher: So, welcome to the Saugus Ironworks National Historic site.

Narrator: It's a big day for the fifth grade at Ferryway School just outside Boston.

Teacher: What's this simple machine right here? Wheel and axle, right.

Narrator: This field trip is the highlight of a six-week project that integrates science…

Teacher: This works like a lever that presses the bellows closed, blows the air into the furnace.

Narrator: …math, art, English…

Teacher: So this is America's first rolling and slitting mills.

Narrator: …and history.

Teacher: There we go. My metal's hot enough. This is called a hearty. What kind of simple machine is this?

Class: Wedge.

Teacher: Wedge.

Narrator: Students use the latest technology tools to study the country's earliest innovations.

Teacher: And how's that? A good-looking nail?

Class: Yeah.

Teacher: You guys are too easy to please.

Narrator: To earn the right to go on the field trip, students spend weeks accomplishing various tasks to get their passport stamped.

Margie: All of those stamps are based on our state standards, from writing assignments to design assignments. And, as they finish the assignment, the passport is stamped.

Narrator: All of the assignments involve hands-on activities, from creating an outfit for a rock person…

Student: And it looks like shiny metal.

Narrator: …to studying rocks and minerals, which also involves Internet research.

Student: Chemical composition with an organized structure of a natural inorganic origin.

Narrator: Technology specialist Bob Simpson helped the team integrate technology on the project.

Bob: Well, the teachers have done all the really good research and constructed the structure of how the students are going to navigate through that unit, and ultimately what that does is it empowers the students to make decisions. So, when they're researching rocks and minerals, they get to pick which Web site they want to go to to select their rock or mineral.

So, go ahead and click on your Internet browser.

Narrator: Students also access the Web to study the history of the ironworks. The Saugus unit site also features a parent page that is translated into several languages.

Student: It's over here in the X.

Tom: We've had about 75 different languages spoken in this community, so you can imagine what that brings to the table every day, but this kind of cooperative work environment, teachers and students, supersedes that, and working with the computer, working with a partner, going on the field trip, those things are the intangibles that bring this whole project to life and can reach kids that you may never be able to reach in other ways.

Student: This is a picture and right here is a caption.

Bob: Your mission is to write a description caption for the pictures you took today.

Narrator: With digital cameras the school received as part of a technology grant, students add their field-trip photos to an ironworks wiki.

Bob: Let's get these pictures into your laptops, so connect your cable to your camera.

Margie: I've seen lots of intrinsic learning. I think the kids own what they've learned. They're very proud of their work. They can talk about their work, and they share much more.

Student: Do you like the other one too?

Student: Yeah.

Margie: They're learning through the technology definitely and with the technology, and they're able to sort of publish themselves at a level that we haven't been able to do before.

Student: Wait. What's that?

Student: I don't know. I think you took that.

Narrator: The integration of various subjects in one project also seems to work.

Anxhela: If you're in different classes, you sometimes forget, because your mind's on one class, and then you have to be focused on another class, but when it's all together you can just focus on one thing, because it's all the same.

Margie: The circumference of the circle, so when you measure around…

Narrator: The most exciting hands-on activity is a competition to build the most efficient Styrofoam water wheel.

Teacher: Sixteenth of an inch. I mean, we're talking maybe two millimeters.

Narrator: As part of a team of more than a dozen teachers and mentors on the project, Earl Fitzpatrick runs the school's tech lab.

Earl: The technology education lab is a place where the students can come into the room, actually physically construct a project. It gives them ownership. They built it. They'll test it, and in this case we'll have not only learned about the water wheel, but they learned about all the tools and machines that it takes to produce a working prototype, the steps in the design process and, whether it succeeds or fails, they can come back and rebuild it to make it a success.

Earl: And they can actually test it to see if it works and compare their work against other students. It's almost self-grading.

Two hundred and fifty grams plus one thousand grams.

There's no need to grade the project. I mean, you put it on the test stand and see how much it lifts, and the kids can know, "Hey, I made a good effort and my water wheel is efficient. I've achieved the goal."

Narrator: Whether they finish first or last, the teams are encouraged to learn from their efforts.

Andy: Looking at where the water's spilling out and how the wheel is operating right now, what might you change about it?

Student: Bigger cups.

Andy: Some bigger cups. So why would you add bigger cups?

Student: So there could be more water.

Narrator: Graduate engineering student Andy Mueller from nearby Tufts University guides them through the redesign process.

Andy: This is exactly what engineers do. You don't know how something is going to operate until you build it and test it until failure. Now we know that there's a lot of water spilling out the side of this. You might want to add…

You don't really know what you want to do. If you can see someone that's excited about anything, it helps the kids out to maybe say, "Well, if he is that excited about engineering," then get the kids excited about it, and maybe they'll want to go into engineering.

Teacher: Their water wheels seem far more advanced than the first year. Where did that come from? How did that…

Narrator: Redesign is also part of the process for the teaching team that created the ironworks project in 2002.

Earl: We had time in the shop. Then the two fifth-grade science teachers were very flexible, I mean, to the point where we were on the phone up- and downstairs shuttling students up and down so that they could re-glue. They had time to decorate. They had time to make last-minute adjustments, things that we didn't have before. It adds a component. That technology component makes a big difference.

Narrator: Buoyed by the success of the ironworks project, the team tackled another project.

Paul: So, today we're going to look at pictures of animals and we're going to make predictions about the biomes that they live in based on all the work that you've done to date.

Narrator: As part of a second-year HP technology grant, the fifth-grade team mentored fourth-grade teachers in developing the biome unit.

Paul: And then you ask the question, so it's three different ways.

Teacher: You're going to bring me at least up to here?

Paul: Yeah.

Narrator: The project started with a Web quest, which led to students designing PowerPoint presentations of a particular biome.

Paul: All right. Take a look. Slide looks really good. Climagraph looks good.

Narrator: Information for the PowerPoint presentations came from Internet research.

Sara: Who can tell me what a herbivore is?

It's just been a totally wonderful experience. They actually are looking forward to something for a change. I think it's just hands-on and they don't have to listen to my voice droning on and on and they're discovering things on their own. It's just amazing, some of the questions that have come up from their own discoveries instead of me feeding all the information to them. I think that's the biggest piece.

Teacher: It's related to the wolverines, minx and weasels.

Narrator: At the end of the unit, they were challenged to justify why a certain animal might live in a given biome.

Paul: So, using your remotes, make sure that you select a biome.

Narrator: And their answers were tabulated instantly with a student-response system.

Student: I chose the temperature of the deciduous forest, because there's lots of rodents there.

Paul: We wanted to keep that idea of inquiry-based, so it enabled the students to kind of start that type of learning, which is a stretch for a lot of kids, because they are used to: Open the book. Read the chapter. Answer the questions. This is different. It's not necessarily a matter of right or wrong. If you can justify it, if you can support your answer, then it's a valuable answer, and the students respond to that quite well and they remember what it is that they're learning.

Who chose the rainforest?

Student: I chose the rainforest because there are a lot of insects, and it eats insects, so it's one of its food sources.

Narrator: The biome and ironworks projects inspired both teachers and students, and their test scores rose well above other fifth-graders in the district.

Student: I took that picture.

Earl: There's a lot of life lessons to be learned by physical, hands-on projects, whether it be a science experiment, a tech-ed experiment. They learn leadership roles. They learn how to get along, how to cooperate, and it's good for everyone.

Teacher: Here we go.

Earl: Often you don't have the chance to show kids that education is real, that there is value to it, that it's out there, and they get a chance to put that all together. Once in a while, the magic happens, and it has happened the last couple of days and it's happened the last five years we've been doing this project.

Teacher: You're on the lift.

Narrator: For more information on What Works in Public Education, go to edutopia.org.

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Credits

Video Credits

Produced, Written, and Directed by

  • Ken Ellis

Coordinating Producer:

  • Amy Erin Borovoy

Editor:

  • Karen Sutherland

Production Intern:

  • Neil Tan

Camera Crew:

  • Rob Weller
  • Keith McManus
  • John O'Connor

Narrator:

  • Michael Pritchard

Original Music:

  • Ed Bogas

Comments (66)Sign in or register to postSubscribe to comments via RSS

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Rita C. Haire's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

The video was great. Thank you for sharing. I am a doctoral student at UNC-G and we just finished a course on Integrative Practice. So much of what we researched as best practices in integraton was evidenced in the video from Ferryway. I forwarded the video to my professor at UNC-G.

Meagan Carlton's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

I am a elementary education major at ASU West and my commment will be coming from the perspective of a Preservice teacher. I enjoyed this video because it demonstrated hands on learning, technology, and visual learning for students. The teachers who put this project together seem very inspirational and make the students want to learn. They took their time to put together this 6 week project and it shows how much they care about their students. The video states that their test scores are higher than other schools in their district because of this project. The powerpoint at the end of the video is a representation of making kids think for themselves. They got to pick an answer, not knowing if it was right or wrong because they had to come up with reasoning behind their decision for the best answer. The students earned their field trip by participating in the projects, and it made them earn this trip for all the hard work they completed. Seeing the students use the technology of a digital camera and a computer just shows how much our education has changed in the classroom. Students need to learn these skills because our education is entering into a more advanced technological century. I enjoyed this video, and it helps me think of ideas to use in my own classroom.

Kelly Douglas's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

As a preservice teacher, I must say that this article was exciting. The article brought to light the tremendous benefits of cooperative learning among both the students and the teachers. Within the article and the program implemented within the school a door opens to the great need for more interdisciplinary education. As a science teacher, I will strive for more ideas on integrating science in any aspect of cooperative teaching that I can. Science has roots in all disciplines and by incorporating those disciplines science comes to life for the students.
I feel that it important to address the benefits of the video. The great enthusiasm of the students was wonderful but was almost more exciting was the enthusiasm that the teachers showed. It seemed that using these new techniques seemed to invigorate them within the classroom. The teachers' excitement within the classroom and for the content must influence the students' attitude tremendously.

Carrie Baird's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

As a preservice teacher, all I can say is WOW! This report was encouraging and inspiring. Education majors are constantly having inclusion and interdisciplinary practices shoved down our throats. This, in addition to standards and technology incoporation. We rarely get the opportunity see these ideals in practice. Seeing the collaborative efforts of the teachers and students in the learning process in the video really gives meaning to the terms I've been reading about in my textbooks. The student's personal paths to discovery were obviously a source of energy and enthusiasm in the classroom. I look forward to being a leader in this type of educational process.

Kellie Kizer's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

As a Preservice teacher at Arizona State University, West campus, I was intrigued by this article and video alike. Reading the article and then watching the video was exciting. I enjoyed seeing the students learning in a way other then the tradition paper and pen. The students were excited about learning and the teachers were even happy they could provide an environment the students would dread leaving and yet rush back to the next day. The curriculum and way the various subject areas were integrated was a unique method that I was previously unaware could even exist. I am now excited to get out into the field, with all the technology resources, and provide my students with as much knowledge through technology that is virtually possible.

Elisabeth Renteria's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

I have always been skeptical about technology in the classroom. What if it becomes to complicated and a student(s) feel they have failed? How would a teacher bring that confidence level back up. But after reading the article and viewing the video my perspectives have changed. I am a preservice teacher attending at ASU West and have completely changed my mind about technology in the classroom. There was so much support and guidance for the students from their teachers to other specialists from Universities. There were so many resouces that the students were able to receive and learn from. The technology the were exposed to gave them responsibility and ownership of their own learning and completion of their project. It was just amazing how teachers who care about their students made a difference in their learning and helped them to become better students.

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