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WHAT WORKS IN EDUCATION The George Lucas Educational Foundation

Learn2luvcell: A Powerful Multipurpose Mechanism for Learning

Once the scourge of classrooms, cell phones are now part of the lesson plan.
By Burr Snider
Credit: Getty Images

Query most secondary school teachers on the subject of cell phones, and you're likely to get an impassioned rant about the device's insidious ability to provoke distraction in the classroom. All that giggly sub rosa texting not only robs students of attentiveness, they say, but also presents an inveterate disciplinary problem. It's why most school districts have strict cell phone policies, and most teachers are grateful for it.

But some forward-looking educators have begun to push the subversive idea that the high tech wizardry of mobile phones can be a powerful multipurpose mechanism for learning. Podcasts, video interviews, polling, quizzes, even homework assignments, can all be accomplished via cell phone to enhance students' learning experience, while the phone can also act as a versatile electronic aid to the teacher.

"Kids mostly see their cell phones as a social toy, not as a learning instrument," says Liz Kolb, adjunct professor at Madonna University, in Lavonia, Michigan, and author of Toys to Tools: Connecting Student Cell Phones to Education. "But if you can get them thinking of cells as an anytime, anywhere, Swiss Army knife-type data-collection tool, it can open up a whole new world. If their phones work so well for them outside the classroom, we need to get them thinking about bringing these tech tools inside and putting them to good use."

Kolb cites the example of a student studying ecosystems in science class. When he goes on spring break, his teacher can instruct him to take pictures with his cell phone camera of the various insects he encounters and upload them to an Internet site such as Flickr. When he comes back to class, everyone can share his pictures and discuss his findings.

Moreover, by downloading data to schools' Web sites, kids don't even have to bring their cells to class. The phone can accomplish much of what a computer can do, even while it stays at home. "In schools, we're saying no to cell phones when instead we should be telling students that this thing they use to text their friends could actually become something that's helpful in the twenty-first-century job force," says Kolb. "Instead of banning their use, let's put structures around them and create learning activities with them."

This could prove a hard sell to teachers who see cells only as a bane to good order. "Unless they see the instructional potential, teachers feel the same way about cells as they did about television way back when -- that it's just a distraction," says Hall Davidson, a director of the Discovery Educator Network, an online learning community dedicated to digital media. "But there's a shift going on, and once teachers realize the immediate impact of texting, plus all the other things you can do with a cell phone, more schools will come around and see that this is a really good, really serious tool."

After all, adds Davidson, just about every kid you know has one, and it doesn't make sense to squander their potential by prohibiting them in school. "About the only organizations that have a ban on cell phones anymore are the Taliban and your local high school," he says. "Anything that plays media can be used instructionally, so we shouldn't deprive our students of their own personal messengers, photo storage units, video studios, and radio stations right in their pockets."

Comments (15)Sign in or register to postSubscribe to comments via RSS

T. Gath's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

My school has a general ban on the use of cell phones during the school day. So, risking (administrative) peril, I was instructing my class to make an email contact in their phone for themselves so that they could use the camera for capturing images for their class website the principal walked in the room. In the split second that I directed my horrified glance that spotted him entering the room back to my students, there was not a cell phone in sight and the looks on all of the students faces were as innocent as could be. Lots of practice on the student's part I guess. :-)

Stephen Dolle's picture
Anonymous (not verified)

Much has been written about mobile phone applications, and this new paper proposes how such phones might find new and innovative roles in education and learning - and I applaud this. So it is time to put our thikning caps on! On the whole, more recently I have been quite critical of phone and PC designs and accessibility. PCs were initially conceived to meet business application needs, like accounting and inventory managemnent, and later email became a primary use. On the youth side, PCs and now mobile phones have primarily been marketed as gadgets and social networking, and there have been limited marketing and product development efforts to enable phones and PCs to serve more in learning, which I term "artificial intelligence" (AI) apps and "assistive technology." It is thru assistive technology that we can really begin to challenge the boundaries of system designs and usability, but also where we might reap the greatest rewards. I am currently working on a proposal to help make mobile phone designs and usability more conducive to learning, i.e. more as assistive technology. I hope to complete my proposal and new web content in the coming weeks, and will be marketing to industry.
Stephen Dolle
DOLLE COMMUNICATIONS

musiklover's picture

the example of a student studying ecosystems in science class. When he goes on spring break, his teacher can instruct him to take pictures with his cell phone camera of the various insects he encounters and upload them to an Internet site such as Flickr. When he comes back to class, everyone can share his pictures and discuss his findings.

Aline Roberts's picture

We all know that it's difficult to engage students, even harder to maintain engagement. I hold firm on the old cliche', "if you can't beat them, join them!"
Change is scary, but in some cases, definately worth it! Like the article said, cell phones are like mobile computers in the pockets of our students. They can be used for everything as simple as calculators to internet searches!
If it can help our students learn, I'm all for it!

lesia.horner's picture

As a former English teacher, I can see the use of cell phones as being invaluable. Smart phones allow the student have immediate access to encyclopedias, dictionaries, all classic and modern literature, unlimited access to resources, etc... What kind of essays/research papers could they write with all that right there during school hours and under an educator's supervision? As a counselor, I would love to recommend students check accuracy, access teacher websites, work on word documents any where they happen to be - would help eliminate the excuse of having after school activities interfere with school work!

Ashu Kumar's picture
Ashu Kumar
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Ashu Kumar's picture
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Ashu Kumar's picture
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Fabio's picture

The teaching profession is changing. We, as teachers, are no longer the ones with all the information. If we allow kids to use their smartphones and constantly search and cross reference elements pertaining to the unit of study, they may learn a great deal.
Teachers are becoming facilitators.

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