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WHAT WORKS IN EDUCATION The George Lucas Educational Foundation
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Great Tech Expectations: What Should Elementary Students Be Able to Do and When?

Mary Beth Hertz

K-8 Technology Teacher in Philadelphia, PA

First off, let me clarify that I am not a proponent of expecting all children to learn at the same pace. Why all third graders are expected to be at x reading level by January is beyond me. That said, I think it's a fair assumption that there are certain skills that we hope our students have by a certain age in order to help them reach their full potential. This also applies to tech skills.

I teach in a computer lab every day, with classes ranging from kindergarten through sixth grade rotating through my lab every 45 minutes. I have the luxury of seeing what my students can accomplish and I understand how to scaffold their learning so that when they reach a higher grade I know they will have the required repertoire of skills to be successful in whatever projects we are working on and at whatever school they may end up in when they leave me.

Here are some skills by grade level that I aim to have my students obtain. Each skill is rated per grade as either an Introductory (I), Developing (D) or Applied (A) Skill.

(Please keep in mind that I teach in a high-poverty school where many kids do not have access to computers, iDevices or the Internet at home.)

Skill K 123456
Log into a computer using a one-word single sign-onA___________
Log into a computer using your own personal accountIA A A A A A
Log into web-based tool accounts I D A A A A A
Find keys on the keyboard to construct sentences and type your name I D A A A A A
Know how to make a capital letter using Shift I D A A A A A
Type using two hands I D D D A A A
Type at least 15 WPM __ __ I D A A A
Type at least 20 WPM __ __ __ I D A A
Type at least 25 WPM __ __ __ __ D D A
Know some basic keyboard shortcuts I D D D D A A
Know how to copy/paste __ __ I D D A A
Save a file I D D A A A A
Open a file I D A A A A A
Understand file paths I D D D A A A
Locate files and navigate file paths independently I I D D A A A
Know how to organize files I I I I D D A
Navigate a browser (back, forward buttons and tab) I D A A A A A
Know how to evaluate websites for accuracy and relevance I I I D D A A
Know how to leave a useful comment for a peer I I D A A A A
Practice good netiquette when commenting I I D D A A A
Know how to use tools like Edmodo or Schoology to discuss, share and blog about course content __ __ __ __ D D A
Collaborate with peers on digital projects I I I D D D A
Begin to look for solutions to real-world problems through the lens of technology I I I D D D D
Know a system for bookmarking/saving sites __ __ __ I D D A
Use a tool like Diigo to compile resources __ __ __ __ __ D D
Be familiar with basic menus within applications I D D D A A A
Independently use a drawing program (like TuxPaint) I D D A A A A
Complete graphic organizers using software like Kidspiration I D D A A A A
Take and edit photos using PhotoBooth or Picnik I D D D A A A
Insert photos into projects I D D A A A A
Download and upload photos I D D D A A A
Create and edit video I I D D D D D
Be able to synthesize information from one place to another (i.e. graphic organizer to comic, web information into graphic organizer) I I D D D A A
Compose short stories using a web-based tool like Storybird I D D D A A A
Compose and format longer stories using Word Processing software I I D D D A A
Create basic presentations using tools like PowerPoint I I D D D A A
Have a basic understanding of programming through programs like Scratch __ __ __ __ I D D
Be able to show what you know through a variety of tools __ __ __ I D D A
Know how to build a website or wiki, including images, citations and video __ __ __ __ I D A
Write and maintain a personal blog __ __ I D D D A
Know vocabulary like Desktop, monitor, CPU, mouse, keyboard, application, program, browser I D A A A A A
Have a basic understanding of copyright I D D D D A A
Understand and follow copyright rules and guidelines I D D D D D A
Cite sources __ __ __ I D D A
Know what kinds of information you should/shouldn't share online I D D D A A A
Know how to handle cyberbullies I D D D D A A
Know how to configure privacy settings __ __ __ __ I D D

This is a rough framework and in no way representative of everything that students should know. I am one-hundred percent sure that I missed some things along the way and that many people will argue with some of it, but that's why we blog, right?

Please let me know what I may have left out or anything you think is in the wrong place or doesn't need to be there at all.

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Donna's picture
Donna
K-12 ESL teacher in the Hudson Valley, New York

That is quite a list! It strikes me that one of the most important things to remember in implementing technology in students' daily instruction is your statement "...many kids do not have access to computers, iDevices or the Internet at home." As with any other subject, there is the danger of assuming that students should know certain things when they in reality they have experience with it. This could be economical, cultural, regional, or for any other reason. As we get enthused with driving technology in our classes, thanks for reminding us to make sure everyone enjoys the ride!

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